Female Intelligence: Women and the British Security State in World War I
Prof. Tammy Proctor (Utah State University, USA)
Between the formal creation of the permanent Secret Service Bureau in 1909 and the war demobilization of 1919, several thousand women served in either civil or military occupations as members of the British intelligence community. These women performed a variety of services, and they represented an astonishing diversity of nationality, age, and class. From 16-year-old English Girl Guides at MI5 headquarters to octogenarian Belgian grandmothers, women enabled the government to develop a modern, professional intelligence service in a time of conflict.
Tammy M. Proctor is Head and Distinguished Professor of History at Utah State University (USA). She researches and teaches about modern Europe, war, youth, and gender. Some of her publications include: Female Intelligence: Women and Espionage in the First World War (2003), Civilians in a World at War (2010), and World War I: A Short History (2017).